Robert Leroy Johnson (May 8, 1911 – August 16, 1938) was an American blues singer-songwriter and musician.His landmark recordings in 19 display a combination of singing, guitar skills, and songwriting talent that has influenced later generations of musicians.Johnson's shadowy and poorly documented life and death at age 27 have given rise to much legend, including the Faustian myth that he sold his soul to the devil at a crossroads to achieve success.
Charles Dodds had been forced by a mob to leave Hazlehurst following a dispute with white landowners.
Julia left Hazlehurst with baby Robert but after some two years sent him to live in Memphis with her husband, who had changed his name to Charles Spencer.
About 1919, Robert rejoined his mother in the Mississippi Delta area around Tunica and Robinsonville, Mississippi.
Julia's new husband, known as Dusty Willis, was 24 years her junior.
It was only after the reissue of his recordings in 1961, on the LP King of the Delta Blues Singers, that his work reached a wider audience.
Johnson is now recognized as a master of the blues, particularly of the Mississippi Delta blues style.
He is credited by many rock musicians as an important influence; Eric Clapton has called Johnson "the most important blues singer that ever lived." to Julia Major Dodds (born October 1874) and Noah Johnson (born December 1884).
Julia was married to Charles Dodds (born February 1865), a relatively prosperous landowner and furniture maker, with whom she had ten children.
Robert was remembered by some residents as "Little Robert Dusty", but he was registered at Tunica's Indian Creek School as Robert Spencer.