Ban Chiang is an archeological site where remains of human settlement during prehistoric times have been found.
Settlement in Ban Chiang started during the Neolithic age when man was not yet capable of working with metals.
The earliest graves did not contain any bronze or iron artifacts.
The earliest settlers were probably rice farmers, as suggested by some of the finds at the site.
Although the earliest datings suggested that settlement in Ban Chiang started during the 5 millennium BC, later datings using radiocarbon dating have shown that settlement in Ban Chiang started around 1500 BC, during the Neolithic age.
Since discovery of the site several excavations have been carried out.
As the modern village of Ban Chiang was built on top of the ancient settlement, excavations have been limited.
Thousands of items have been excavated at Ban Chiang.
Among them are skeletons, ax heads, clay rollers, bells and large numbers of pottery.
Ban Chiang is best known for the red colored ceramic pottery found there in large numbers.
The finds in the more recent graves show evidence of development in pottery production and ceramic decorative skills and also contain metal items, demonstrating the ability of early man to work with metals and the transition into bronze and iron age.
Bronze was not only used for basic necessities, but also for the manufacture of personal ornaments like anklets, rings and bracelets, demonstrating early man’s advance in human development.